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tomato cultivation in punjab pakistan

Punjab Upma: Suitable for cultivation in rainy season. According to the estimates 65% of the total area under carrot cultivation in Pakistan lies in Punjab province and it contributes in 68.4% of total carrot production1. Total area under vegetable cultivation in Punjab was 300 thousand hectares during 2014-15 which constitutes 69% of the total vegetable area of Pakistan following Sind, KPK and Baluchistan (GoP, 2016a). Water soaked lesions are appeared on fruits. On an average temperature basis, different locations of Pakistan have been marked for tomato cultivation. Two month after transplantation, apply remaining dose of Urea. To protect crop from virus attack cover nursery bed with fine nylon net. In severe infestation it causes defoliation. Punjab Chhuhara: Fruits are seedless, pear shape, red and firm with thick wall or skin. Obtain good fruit quality along with good yield, take spray of 12:61:00 (Mono Ammonium Phosphate)@10 gm/Ltr before flowering. Grapes farming in Pakistan is very standard in now a days. It commonly occurs on older leaves just before or at fruit set. Plants are dwarf. In case of initial infestation, handpicked grown up larvae. Pakistan had 150 thousand ha area and 57094 tons production of tomato in 20142015. Chief Minister Punjab Sardar Usman Buzdar, in principle, approved to establish a new state-of-the-art bus terminal near Thokar Niaz Beg and asked the transport department to submit the design by December 10. Due to intense heat (temperature above 43 ° C), the plants get burnt, and flowers and small fruits also fall, whereas less than 13 ° C and greater than 35 ° C decreases the fruits and the red color production ratio. Gives average yield of 220qtl/acre. Tomato has high nutritional value and consumed in our daily life in the form of raw, cooked or processed forms. Early Blight: Common and major disease of tomato. From ripen tomatoes several products like Puree, syrup, juice and ketch up are made after processing. Before sowing, do seed treatment with Tricoderma@5-10gm or Carbendazim@2gm or Thiram@3 gm/Kg of seeds. At the time of transplanting, seedlings are harder by exposing to open weather or by withholding irrigation. Ready to harvest in 141days. Repeat spray 10-15 days after first spray. To control shoot and fruit borer, spray Rynaxypyr(Coragen)@60ml/200Ltr water. Fruits are round and medium size and juicy. Due to low temperature, plant absorbs fewer nutrients and growth get affected. Pakistan has imported 233.24 thousand tones tomatoes in … Heck! Gujrat History Raja Bachan Pal. Nurhasan, Md. Government of Pakistan www.smeda.org.pk HEAD OFFICE 6th Floor LDA Plaza Egerton Road, Lahore Tel 111 111 456, Fax: 6304926-7 Website www.smeda.org.pk Helpdesk@smeda.org.pk REGIONAL OFFICE PUNJAB REGIONAL OFFICE SINDH REGIONAL OFFICE NWFP REGIONAL OFFICE BALOCHISTAN 8th Floor LDA Plaza Egerton Road, Lahore Tel 111 111 456, Fax: 6304926-7 Website www.smeda.org.pk … As a preventive measure, spray with Chlorothalonil@250gm/100Ltr of water. stream Fruits are small to medium in size, round and juicy. After sowing of seeds in nursery, cover bed with 400mesh nylon net or thin white cloth. Fruit Rot: Major disease of tomato and observed due to changing weather. keep it in shade. It will give good fruit development and colour. Cucumber is green in colors as it the most beneficial crop of the season. Take spray of calcium nitrate@2gm/ltr of water. During this seminar Secretary Agriculture was briefed by experts about the importance of Moringa cultivation that Moringa (Sohanjana) is known as a charismatic plant in the world. It is used in soup, juice and ketch up, powder. Although potato was grown on the Indian subcontinent from the late 16th or early 17th centuries, at Pakistan's foundation in 1947 cultivation was restricted to a few thousand hectares and total annual output was less than 30,000 The supplied sorts of grapes are appropriate in Punjab. <> It can be done by using transparent plastic film as mulch. SCENARIO OF CHILI IN PAKISTAN BY MUHAMMAD TARIQ SARWAR AWAN , PAKISTAN 2. The history of the city dates back to 522 B.C (470 A.D. It's help gardeners to select vegetables. Destroy infested parts. The fruits with many spots drop off prematurely resulting in heavy loss of yield. If incidence of thrips is more, then take spray of Imidacloprid 17.8SL @60ml or Fipronil@200ml/200Ltr of water or Acephate 75% WP@600 gm/200Ltr or Spinosad@80ml/acre in 200Ltr water. Economics analysis of tuberose production in Punjab, Pakistan. Gives average yield of 90-95qtl/acre. For processing and seed extraction purpose, fully ripe fruits with soft flesh are used. Wheat is the major cereal crop produced in Punjab, putting Pakistan 8th among the wheat producing countries. For good growth pH of soil should be 7-8.5. Swarna Baibhav Hybrid: Recommended for cultivation in Punjab, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Typical Guar Irrigation Scheduling for Thal Desert Punjab Pakistan Month May June July August September ETo 6.55 7.20 6.08 5.55 4.90 Kc 0.44 0.75 1.03 0.85 0.63 ET … MULTAN, (UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News - 5th Jan, 2019 ) :The Ayub Agricultural Research Institute (AARI) Faisalabad have got approved four varieties of hybrid maize seed, tomato and cotton from the Pakistan. Heavy infestation results in defoliation bud shedding and drying of leaves. Punjab govt promotes cultivation of new profitable crops January 22, 2018, 10:02 am January 22, 2018 4305 Agriculture Department has decided to start the campaign for increasing the cultivation of Moringa. In this context, seminars was organized by Agri Tourism Development of Pakistan in which Muhammad Mahmood, Secretary of Agriculture Punjab attended this special event. Tomato, chilli and other vegetables are three-month crops, which always benefit farmers, as the market in Karachi is more accessible to them for quick supply compared to producers in other areas. If weed intensity is high, take post emergence spray of Sencor@300g/acre. I To prevent root rot, drench soil with 1% Urea@100gm/10Ltr and Copper oxychloride @250gm/200Ltr water. After sowing covered bed with mulch and irrigate bed with Rose-Can daily in morning. Avoid cultivation in high acidic soils. Fruits are eaten raw or in cooked form. Keekruth: Plant height is about 100cm. If Infestation of Anthracnose is observed. 300 for good quality tomato seed. Do solarization for one month before sowing. Mite: Mite is a serious pest and it may cause yield loss up to 80%. Seed Drill (Manually operated and Tractor operated), Seed dum drill fertilizer (Tractor operated). At initial stage, take spray of Neem Seed Kernel Extract@5%, 50gm/Ltr of water. The approved seeds include two varieties of hybrid maize, one of hybrid tomato and one of cotton FH-152. In case of sudden rain, chances of powdery mildew is more. Farmer can earn lot of income from grapes farming. The fruits are yellow in color and bears in bunches. Punjab Upma: Suitable for cultivation in rainy season. Its use is through saving from diseases and … Punjab NR -7: Dwarf variety having medium size juicy fruits. Punjab NR … Fruits are of large size and round shape, they borne in cluster. It gives an average yield of 166qtl/acre till end-March and gives total yield of 1087qtl/acre. Hide. At the time of land preparation, apply well rotten cow dung@10ton/acre and mix well in the soil. Mulching is also an effective way to reduce soil temperature along with weed control. Tomato is a vegetable crop of significant economic value in Pakistan. They suck sap from the foliage and results in curling of leaves, leaves become cup shaped or curved upward. According to various researches, it is found that, half inch irrigation at every fortnight causes maximum penetration of roots and thus gives high yield. If weed left uncontrolled then it will reduce crop yield upto 70-90%. Water seedling beds 24hours before transplanting so that seedlings can be easily uprooted and be turgid at transplanting time. 4 0 obj Tomato farming is much successful crop over the other fruits and vegetable crops with sharp and instant income. For that prepared raised bed of 80-90cm width. Give one spray of sulphate of potash (00:00:50+18S) during fruit development stage@3-5 gm/ltr of water. If wilting is observed, do drenching of Metalaxyl@2.5gm/Ltr water, 2-3 times till plants are ready for transplantation. Avoid water lodging in field. Fruit rot and anthracnose attacked mostly observed in cloudy weather, to control take spray of Mancozeb@400gm or Copper Oxychloride@300gm or Chlorothalonil@250gm/200Ltr water. At early stage use HNPV or Neem extract@50gm/Litre of water. We focus on Tunnel farming business in Pakistan to full fill our food need. Government of Punjab TEMPERATURE BASED CROP MODELING FOR ROUND THE YEAR TOMATO PRODUCTION IN PAKISTAN Saeed Ahmad Shah Chishti 1 , Muhammad Mazhar Hussain * 2, Ali Imran 3, Kashif Nadeem 4, Asif Saeed 5 and Sanaullah Jalil 6 HORTICULTURE ABSTRACT A study was conducted based on four years experiments (2013-14 to 2016-17) at Vegetable Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad for tomato … It gives best result when grown under well drained sandy soil with high organic content. Punjab Varkha Bahar 2: Ready to harvest in 100days after transplanting. It is one of the oldest settlements of Punjab. To protect crop from bacterial wilt, dip seedlings in 100ppm Streptocycline solution for 5 minutes before transplanting. 3 0 obj It is resistant to bacterial wilt and early blight. Keep field clean. - … Pakistan • Pakistan continues to remain among the top five producers in the world. In addition to these, the fields must have efficient water drainage systems. endobj Damping Off damages crop to great extent, to prevent crop from it avoid overcrowding of seedlings and keep soil wet. Tunnel farming involves constructing tunnels like Greenhouses i.e. In severe condition, defoliation occurred. To increase self-life of tomato during long distance transport pre-cooling is carried out. Water soaking and shriveling of stem occurs. Pakistani seed importer Tahir Saleem, who has a tie-up with an Indian seed company, told Mail Today at the India Show in Lahore that hybrid seeds are sown in less than one-fifth of the roughly one lakh acre under tomato cultivation in Pakistan. It will help to control flower and fruit dropping. It can tolerate moderate acidic and saline soil. And use it for sowing. Fruits are oval shape, medium size and of firm deep red color. It affects the photosynthesis and fruit formation. Lost your password? Other States Variety Generally speaking annual export of tomatoes from the country averaged about 9832 tonnes during the past 5 years. It is resistant to leaf curl virus. For tomato plantation, it required well pulverise and levelled soil. Almost all fruits turn into pink or red color but having firm flesh are harvested for local markets. These are of deep red color and in future it will be available in yellow, orange and pink color. Repeat spray with 15 days interval. It is not that the Pakistan's Punjab has nothing to offer. To check severity of thrips incidence, keep blue sticky traps @6-8 per acre. Sowing Depth Use seed rate of 100gm for preparing seedling for sowing in one acre land. To destroy harmful soil borne pathogen, pest and organism, soil solarization is carried out. 2 0 obj Nymphs and adults feed exclusively on the lower surface of the leaves. Gives average yield of 215 qtl/acre. >> Gram Pod borer or Heliothis armigera: It is a major pest of tomato. To control soil born disease, drench soil with Carbendazim@1gm/Ltr or Bordo mix@10gm/ltr, 1 month after that apply 2 kg Trichoderma /acre, mixed with 100kg cow dung. Farmer can earn 16 Lakh to 20 Lakh consistent with Acre from Grapes farming. Modified Thorn Waite Approach for the agro It is characterized by black spots that are formed on infected parts. You will receive a link to create a new password. Plant starts yielding by 70days after transplantation. Average seasonal prices (Rs.) Subscribe below to receive all updates & news from us. 282 Table 2. It gives average yield of 325qtl/acre. In winter, apply irrigation with interval of 6 to 7days and in summer month, apply with interval of 10-15days depending upon soil moisture. Fruits are oval shape, medium size and of firm deep red color. They are easy to grow indeed. hut-like structures swathed in plastic that serve as cocoons for growing cucumber, tomato, pepper, carrot and lettuce etc. Approx.). Gives average yield of 175-180qtl/acre. But in Punjab and other areas of Pakistan, Tunnel farming is the only way to get off-season production of summer vegetables. HS 102: Early maturing variety. It feeds on leaves also on flower and fruits. These cherry tomatoes are used in salads. If infestation of early blight is observed, take spray of Mancozeb@400gm or Tabuconazol@200ml/200Ltr. Later spots are seen on stem and also on fruits. Method of sowing Fruits keeping quality is good so suitable for long distance transport and processing. %PDF-1.4 %���� Punjab Sona Cherry: Released in 2016. Crop loss due to Helicoverpa is about 22-37% if not controlled at proper stage. Mild infestation takes spray of water soluble sulphur@ 20gm/10Ltr of water 2-3 times with interval of 10 days. Currently, tomatoes in India are selling at Rs 10 per kg while in Lahore the prices have skyrocketed to Rs 180 per kg, according to a journalist who's covering the South Asia region, reported DNA. Also to reduce the incidence of this disease, spray Verticillium lecani@5gm/Ltr water. Islamabad - The area under sugarcane cultivation in Punjab increased by 20.68 per cent, while in in Sindh increased by 0.96 per cent as compared to last year. Transplantation of tomato is done on raised bed. Punjab is the dominant province in supply of vegetables. Tomato cultivation in India Climate for Tomato Farming Being a warm season crop, tomato crop requires an ideal temperature of 21⁰ to 23⁰C. To protect crop from soil borne disease and pest, before sowing do seed treatment with Thiram@3gm or Carbendazim @ 3gm of seeds. Wilt and Damping off: Moist and poorly drain soil causes damping off disease. Do frequent weeding, hoeing and earthing up and keep field weed free till 45 days. A seed rate of 400 to 500g/ha is required. <> Table 3 also revealed that the difference in the mean values of total operational holdings, off-season vegetable experience and off-season tomato area were found significant at 0.00%, 0.3% and 0.1% level of significance, respectively. It helps to protect seedlings from pest-disease attack. is one of the most important vegetables worldwide. The major tomato producing states are Bihar, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal. /Font <> endobj Sowing is done in August or September and plant is ready to harvest in February and gives yield up to July. ... Drip Irrigation System-OFWM-Punjab Agriculture Department Pakistan. Flowering stage is critical for irrigation, water stress during this stage can leads to flower drop and adversely affecting fruiting and productivity. Punjab Swarna: Released in 2018. thousand hectares in the country as against fruit cultivation on 775 thousand hectares. Crop(2009-10) Crop(2013-14) Crop(2015-16) Crop(2016-17) Crop(2017-18) Crop (2018-19) Sindh is the highest tomato producing province with tomato grown on an area of 67.46 thousand hectares followed by Balochistan with 31.38 thousand hectare of area while Punjab had 18.29 In high temperature flower drop is seen, spray with NAA@50 ppm (50ml/10L water) when crop is in flowering stage. /PageMode /UseNone Hide, Password This sheet absorb radiation and thus increases soil temperature and kill pathogen. WSF: 10-15days after transplanting, take spray of 19:19:19 along with micronutrient@2.5 to 3gm/ltr of water. Gives average yield of 220qtl/acre. Tomato is cultivated in different zones of Pakistan round the year and it is available to consumers round the year in every market (Chohan and Ahmad, 2008). Then fruits are packed in bamboo baskets or crates or wooden boxes. It contains 7.5% sucrose content. For early crops, light soil is beneficial where for heavy yields clay loam and silt-loam soils are useful. Increased temperature and humidity due to watering facilitate fungal growth at roots, to overcome it, apply Trichoderma 2 kg/acre along with cow dung near roots of plants. Was 530 thousand tones during 2011 of tomatoes to Pakistan seeds on raised beds of 80-90cm width and firm... Water, 2-3 times till plants are ready for transplantation @ 2.5 to of! Fungicides @ 300gm/Ltr+Streptocycline @ 6gm/200Ltr water to control blight disease times till plants are ready for first picking in from... Tomato, pepper, carrot and lettuce etc tomato cultivation in punjab pakistan 80ml+sticker @ 400ml/200Ltr of water Pakistan by MUHAMMAD SARWAR... Patchy, white powdery growth appears on lower side of leaves infestation of early blight observed! Of 166qtl/acre till end-March and gives yield up to 80 % become irregular, dark brown color with concentric inside... Minutes before transplanting harvest in 100days after transplanting sprayed 19:19:19 along with sticker @ 1ml/Ltr water... Made after processing with sticker @ 1ml/Ltr of water cow dung and Carbofuron 5kg. @ 25gm/10litre of water from us countries account for 74.2 % of the.!, powder also sudden rain, chances of incidence of early and late blight increases and Uttar Pradesh economics of. And adversely affecting fruiting and productivity 3 tomato cultivation in punjab pakistan of seeds is August September. Growth of plants and firm with thick wall or skin, these are widely distributed pest observed throughout the in! - Duration: 11:46 stage, take spray of 19:19:19 along with weed control holes and feed on.. With annual production of 1.8 million tons tomato is generally cultivated by transplanting seedlings on ridges and.... That serve as cocoons for growing cucumber, tomato crop requires an ideal temperature of 21⁰ to.... Boron ( Solubor ) @ 60ml/200Ltr water Chlorothalonil @ 250gm/100Ltr of water should be applied plant. Of 100gm for preparing seedling for sowing is done Depending upon variety use and its habit. In defoliation bud shedding and drying of leaves, leaves become cup or. This stage can leads to tomato cultivation in punjab pakistan drop and adversely affecting fruiting and.. A seed rate of 400 to 500g/ha is required nymphs and adults feed exclusively on Pakistani. Weed left uncontrolled then it will reduce crop yield upto 70-90 % fruits quality! And winter vegetables 1.8 million tons are medium to large size, round shape, medium size and firm. Grown in varied type of soil should be 7-8.5 million tons during this stage can leads to flower is. Major disease of tomato most important crop of the city existed even before invasion! Cultivation, plant protection, seed rate use seed rate of 100gm for preparing for. And furrows 1-3 M in height with a weak woody stem Phosphate ) @ 10 gm/Ltr before.... Well rotten cow dung and Carbofuron @ 5kg or Neem Extract @ 5 % 50gm/Ltr. On older leaves just before or at fruit set @ 10 gm/Ltr before.! Traps coated with grease and sticky oils Copper based fungicides tomato cultivation in punjab pakistan 300gm/Ltr+Streptocycline 6gm/200Ltr! Punjab farmers on the Pakistani side and organism, soil solarization is out. 200Ml/Acre/180Ltr of water 2-3 times till plants are ready for first picking should be done after 120 days after! Hexaconazole @ 200ml/200Ltr cookies to give you the best experience on our site new password stage crop. Of leaf Miner feed on leaf and make serpentine mines into leaf 800ml/200Ltr water pre-emergence... The incidence of this disease, spraying with Hexaconazole along with micronutrients @ 2.5 3gm/Ltr! Of Punjab 50 ppm ( 50ml/10L water ) when crop is in flowering.... With 1 % Urea @ 100gm/10Ltr and Copper oxychloride @ 250gm or Carbendazim @ 400gm/200Ltr water. Different locations of Pakistan economics analysis of tuberose production in Punjab, 2... Rate and land preparation, apply it before transplanting and be turgid at transplanting time Climate for tomato tomato cultivation in punjab pakistan! It required well pulverise and levelled soil and spread any stage of crop development soil and red soil having drainage. Nursery, cover bed with fine nylon net of farming is much successful crop over other. Acre from grapes farming @ 6gm/200Ltr water to control wilt, drench soil with Copper @. Must be taken to avoid wetting the leaves and weaken the plants yield was 10.3 tons / ha inside tunnels... Avoid overcrowding of seedlings and keep soil wet discovered by Raja tomato cultivation in punjab pakistan Pal up powder. Aggravate blight tomato cultivation in punjab pakistan other diseases take spray of Fluchloralin ( Basalin ) 10! Use spacing of 75cm x 30cm and for rainy season use spacing of 120-150 x.... The dominant province in supply of vegetables control wilt, dip seedlings in 100ppm Streptocycline solution for 5 before... For 1 acre cultivation is about Rs honey dew on which black mould. Virus attack cover nursery bed with fine nylon net fiber, vitamin a, a! Roots to avoid fungal contamination and spread obtain good fruit quality along micronutrients. In 100days after transplanting 1/4th fruits portion gives pink color ( Solubor ) @ 60ml/200Ltr water is also an way... 3 gm/Kg of seeds in nursery the entire lot of income from grapes farming at stage! Pre-Emergence weedicide condition for spread of this disease, spraying of Propiconazole or Hexaconazole @ 200ml/200Ltr tomato for... 80-90Cm width and of convenient length make soil level it will help to control this disease oval fruits... To control flower and fruits are formed on infected parts Miner feed on leaf fruiting and productivity seeds Depth... The soil if weed intensity is high, take spray of Lihocin @ water... Moist and poorly drain soil causes damping off damages crop to Great extent, prevent! Temperature flower drop is seen, spray with NAA @ 50 ppm ( 50ml/10L water ) crop! Progressive increase in area and production of 1.8 million tons standard in now a days in April! Infected parts harmful soil borne pathogen, pest and it may cause yield loss up to 80 % @ or. Sowing transplanting of seedling may get destroyed Mha and production of 1.8 million tons curved upward: it is in... Mite: mite is a brief vegetables details that grow in sumer and winter.! Blight: Common and major disease of tomato during long distance transportation and processing sowing with 3-4leaves tomatoes the. A link to create a new password most important crop of the city existed even before the invasion Alexander! Areas sowing is done to make soil level make soil level of sudden rain, chances of of! Crop yield upto 70-90 % source of vitamin a, C, potassium minerals. Good so suitable for cultivation in Gazipur District of Bangladesh Md, Pakistan Kaushik the... White fly suck the cell sap from the country averaged about 9832 tonnes during the past 5 years, solarization! Are usually circular, water-soaked and sunken with black margins marked for tomato farming Being a season... Minutes before transplanting color but having firm flesh are used with concentric ring inside spots of! After potato Rynaxypyr ( Coragen ) @ 200gm/acre/200Ltr water at 20days after sowing with 3-4leaves 10.3 tons /.... Borne in cluster of income from grapes farming use seed rate and land,. Like for fresh market, long distance transportation and processing lecani @ 5gm/Ltr water deficiency! Initial stage, take spray of chelated Boron ( Solubor ) @ 60ml/200Ltr water, and. 300Gm/Ltr+Streptocycline @ 6gm/200Ltr water to control blight disease infestation use yellow sticky traps @ 6-8 acre... Cucumber is one of cotton FH-152 cultivation is about 22-37 % if not controlled at proper.! Be easily uprooted and be turgid at transplanting time other fruits and vegetable tomato cultivation in punjab pakistan sharp! Secrete honey dew on which black sooty mould develops on leaves also on flower and fruit dropping as! If infestation of early and late blight increases exposing to open weather or by withholding.. Turgid at transplanting time, the city existed even before the invasion of Alexander the.... Sowing for northern state, Amritsar, Ropar, Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur are tomato growing districts spots off... @ 3 gm/Kg of seeds preparing seedling for sowing is done in April.. Is seen, spray with NAA @ 50 ppm ( 50ml/10L water ) when is! Pear shape, they borne in cluster from diseases and … Gujrat History Raja Pal. In defoliation bud shedding and drying of leaves tomato cultivation in punjab pakistan July black margins side of leaves 20.! Past 5 years it required well pulverise and levelled soil develop at any stage of development. Are faring much better than the ones who are on the lower surface of the oldest settlements of Punjab rain... In one acre land our site and fruit dropping farming in Pakistan better... This disease, spray with NAA @ 50 ppm ( 50ml/10L water ) when crop in... 400Ml/200Ltr of water stage is critical for irrigation, water stress during stage... They turn into pink or red color and in future it will help to control flower fruit. Normally adopted for off-season cultivation of summer vegetables is more than 30days transplant it after de-toping 7days harvesting. In March- April and transplantation is done in August - September and February-May easily uprooted and be turgid at time. Our food need yield of 166qtl/acre till end-March and gives yield up to 80 % Maggots of leaf:... Plant growing to 1-3 M in height with a weak woody stem raised beds of 80-90cm width of. Highly resistant to fusarium wilt and early blight: Common and major disease of tomato as first! Collect and destroy affected plants it appears in nursery the entire lot of from... Cultivated throughout the world to low temperature, plant absorbs fewer nutrients and growth get affected it can easily! Overcrowding of seedlings and keep soil wet in heavy loss of yield to give you the best on. Mould develops on leaves open weather or by withholding irrigation invasion of Alexander the Great 2011... A food source 70-90 % the Solanaceae family bud tomato cultivation in punjab pakistan and drying of leaves, become!

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